Ceramic porcelain tiles, a sub-type of ceramic tiles, are made from refined clay and other natural materials that are packed together using high pressure. Porcelain tiles are fired in a kiln and are more durable than regular ceramic tiles as they are fired at a higher temperature.
If porcelain tiles have gone through the kiln only once before installation, they are considered unglazed. Alternatively, glazed tiles will be fired in the kiln a second time with the glaze applied. Glazes can be used to create different colors, patterns, and textures.
In addition to glazes, porcelain tiles can be coated with sealants and finishes once they are installed in your home. Although this is not necessary, a penetrating sealer might help your tile last longer.
Porcelain is more expensive as it can cost up to 60 percent more than the average ceramic tile. It is also durable, versatile, and water-resistant, making it an excellent choice for bathrooms, patios, and laundry rooms. Although the durability is a terrific benefit, especially if you are installing in a high-traffic area, a wet saw with a diamond blade is necessary to cut cleanly through the material. Due to the tricky installation process, professional installation is the best option for porcelain tiles, which is an extra budget expense to consider.